Prolotherapy helps repair or create new ligaments or tendon growth in areas of the body where they have been damaged causing inflammation causing pain or discomfort.
Ligaments are the structures that hold bones together. When an injury fails to heal, ligaments can become weak (usually where they attach to the bone) and may not heal back to their original condition. This is largely because the blood supply to ligaments is limited – and therefore healing is slow and not always complete. If this weakness is not corrected, pain receptors are stimulated and you may feel pain in the area where the ligaments are damaged. Tendons (connect muscle to bone) may also become injured and cause pain in a similar fashion.
Prolotherapy uses either glucose or another irritating solution which is injected close to the problem area. This causes a localized inflammatory response in the weak area which increases the blood supply and flow of nutrients to the area and further stimulates the tissue to repair itself by secreting new collagen via inflammatory mediators. The basic principle is to get the body to repair itself – an innate ability that the body has.